## Multiplication with PIC Assembly

Jan

25

I was programming a PIC microcontroller in assembly and noticed that it doesn't have a native multiply function. Being the adventurous programmer that I am, I decided to write my own. It is based on what is known as the Peasant multiplication algorithm.

Assuming X, Y, and ANS are defined bytes of memory, with X*Y ≤ 255 and ANS = 0, the following algorithm will multiply X and Y, storing the result in ANS.

MUL: ; X * Y = ANS movlw 1 subwf X, w btfss STATUS, C goto END_MUL ; while x >= 1 btfss X, 0 ; if x is odd goto END_MUL_IF movf Y, w addwf ANS, f ; ANS += Y END_MUL_IF: bcf STATUS, C ; clear carry rrf X, f ; X >>= 1 bcf STATUS, C ; clear carry rlf Y, f ; Y <<= 1 goto MUL END_MUL: